In a business environment, portfolio management is the management of the investment portfolio of an organization. The portfolio management system of a firm involves the allocation of investment capital among various business ventures in order to maximize the earnings potential of the company. A portfolio manager is an individual or a group of professionals responsible for making decisions regarding investment and conducting investment activities related to the company.
Portfolio management, unlike other types of business planning, is largely based on historical data and economic trends. In portfolio management, the objective of a firm is to create a balanced portfolio of assets that can be used to generate maximum returns. There are different types of portfolios such as, fixed income portfolio, an equity portfolio, commodity portfolio, and the financial portfolio. The purpose of portfolio management is to identify the asset types that can be utilized to generate returns.
There are several types of portfolio managers available for different types of assets. For example, a stock portfolio manager, fixed income portfolio managers, asset allocation managers, business finance managers, commodity portfolio managers, international portfolio managers, and wealth management portfolio managers. Some of these portfolio managers also take care of other investments such as corporate bonds, mutual funds, etc.
An asset manager decides on the allocation of capital among different investments. After selecting the asset type, he analyzes the market trends and identifies potential business opportunities. Asset managers usually make their recommendations to the senior managers of a firm. When the portfolio managers identify suitable business opportunities, they approach investment banks and brokerage firms.
As mentioned above, portfolio managers are usually professionals who carry out research about the investment choices of a company. They are then capable of generating suitable options among various investment choices based on their own analysis and knowledge.
While performing portfolio management, an asset manager may also consult with investment banks and brokerage firms. Most investment banks provide portfolio management services to their clients. This allows the asset manager to analyze the investments and identify the best options. Moreover, investment banks also give support to portfolio managers while analyzing investments and providing them with strategies to manage the portfolio.
Portfolio management of an organization is necessary to ensure that investment capital is not lost during an economic downturn and that the portfolio is not unnecessarily utilized. The investment bank or brokerage firm, which is managing the portfolio of an organization, must maintain strict accounting policies in order to minimize risks and maximize returns.
The portfolio managers of an organization must keep an eye on the financial statement of the company and analyze the company’s balance sheet and cash flow. He should regularly conduct a review of the company’s investments to determine the effectiveness of investments and whether or not the investment is being made in accordance with the strategy and objectives of the organization.
Portfolio management is essential for the success of any organization, because a well-managed portfolio helps in maximizing returns and minimizing risks. Managing the portfolio of an organization requires expertise. A good portfolio manager is required to perform analysis of the portfolio, select appropriate investments, analyze investment market trends, and invest in companies that are deemed to be lucrative. He must also keep track of changes in the company’s assets and liabilities.
A good portfolio management services provider must be able to provide analysis of investment choices and the right investment options. They must also be able to implement the recommended investment strategies and provide proper management of the portfolio. Portfolio management must be managed efficiently and effectively.